The desire for sustainable energy resources has resulted in the development of the hydrogen economy. This clean energy economy uses renewable energy sources such as such as wind, solar, and hydroelectricity for sustainable power. The development of the hydrogen economy is important because it has the ability to meet the energy needs of the present, while ensuring that future generations can also meet their needs. Truly sustainable energy causes no long-term damage to the environment. In the hydrogen economy, hydrogen acts as a carrier of energy. It is not burned as fuel. Instead, the hydrogen is converted to electricity through an electrochemical process. The hydrogen can be generated, stored, transported, converted to electricity, or re-stored as needed. The byproducts of using hydrogen in this way are mere water, electricity, and heat. There are no harmful carbon emissions from ‘green’ hydrogen.
The Hydrogen Economy
- Energy Generation: The problem with many renewable resources today is that nature is sporadic. You can only collect solar energy when you can see the sun. You can only collect energy from the wind when it is blowing. On the other hand, because Hydrogen is an energy carrier, you are able to collect the energy during the peak times from other renewable resources, and store it until you need it.
- Compression: Hydrogen has high capabilities to store energy. But since it is usually produced at low pressures, in order to maximize efficiency in storage and transportation, Hydrogen is compressed to 350 BAR and stored in safe tanks with measures taken to prevent explosions.
- Storage: A typical lithium-ion battery actually loses charge just by sitting there but HYDROGEN HAS NO SHELF LIFE. That means that whether you want to use your Hydrogen today or in 50 years, the Hydrogen has the same capacity for energy generation, making it the ideal energy solution of the future.
- Transportation and Refueling: Although pressurized Hydrogen gas could be produced anywhere, it is cheaper to produce it in bulk and transport it to anywhere that is needed. Because Hydrogen power is independent of the current electrical grid, Hydrogen is a great solution for getting power to those hard to reach places.
- Transforming Hydrogen into Electricity: Unlike modern combustion engines, Hydrogen Fuel Cells have no moving parts, meaning there is less maintenance and less noise. And, the best part is that the only output of Hydrogen Fuel Cells are clean electricity, pure water, and a little heat. Hydrogen has the capability of being completely carbon free from start to finish. Read more about Hydrogen Fuel Cells here.
- Recycle: Once the electricity has been produced, the waste product of pure water can be taken and used as drinking water or anything else you may need. Or, it can be split into its Hydrogen and Oxygen molecules through Electrolysis to keep you on your renewable cycle of green energy.
A working Hydrogen Economy will prepare the world to create completely green Hydrogen Cities. In these cities, all 6 steps of the Hydrogen economy will be present. From using peak power from other renewable energy sources to create and compress Hydrogen gas all the way around to using Hydrogen to power homes, cars, businesses, and even grow plants.
Check out our vision for a Hydrogen city on the right and then read more about our vision for a Hydrogen Future.